Obesity: A term uses to describe excess body fat. It is defined in terms of a person's weight and height, or the body mass index (BMI). A BMI over 30 is classified as being obese. Obesity makes your body less sensitive to insulin's action. Extra body fat is thought to be a risk factor for diabetes.
Ophthalmologist: A doctor who treats people with eye diseases.
Optometrist: A person professionally trained to test the eyes and to detect and treat eye problems, as well as some diseases, by prescribing and adapting corrective lenses.
Oral diabetes medications: Medications that people take to lower the level of sugar in the blood. Oral diabetes medications are prescribed for people whose pancreas still produces some insulin. These medications are not used in diabetes during pregnancy.
Each year in the U.S. diabetes results in the amputation of about 65,700 legs or feet. About 85% of those began with a diabetic foot ulcer. And for Dr. David Schwegman, the mission to educate people about the issue is personal.
His father, a diabetic, had a foot ulcer that resulted in the amputation of his left leg, which contributed to his death, his son said.
"He became a statistic," Schwegman said. "He was one of the 50% of people that died within five years after having an amputation."
A DIABETIC woman from Northampton has been presented with a medal to mark 70 years of coping with the condition.
When Grace Jarnell was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes while aged 12 in 1942, treatment was so basic she had to heat her own samples at home over a Bunsen burner to see if she needed insulin.
Now, more than 100,000 injections later, she has defied the worst fears of doctors and been awarded a medal in recognition of seven decades of coping with the condition.