Nephropathy: Disease of the kidneys caused by damage to the small blood vessels or to the units in the kidneys that clean the blood. People who have had diabetes for a long time may develop nephropathy.
Neurologist: A doctor who treats people who have problems of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves).
Neuropathy: Nerve damage. People who have had diabetes that is not well controlled may develop nerve damage.
Non-insulin dependent diabetes: Former term for type 2 diabetes.
Nutritionist: See dietitian.
Although accurate and convenient for detecting type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in adults, current HbA1c cutoffs may not be enough to diagnose diabetes in children.
A 2010 clinical practice guideline from the American Diabetes Association recommends that physicians exclusively use the HbA1c assay to detect diabetes. The guidelines recommend a cutoff of 6.5% or greater for diagnosis.
However, researchers for two recent studies highlight significant vulnerabilities in the recommended test’s ability to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes in children.
Drinking two glasses of water before each meal may help people lose weight, a new study has found. Obese dieters who drank two glasses before breakfast, lunch, and dinner lost five pounds more than their dieting peers over the course of three months. Experts say it could be that the water helps fill people up more quickly, thus ensuring they eat less.